NCDMPH Heat Emergencies

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Heat Emergencies

Senior heat exhaustionIn 1995, Chicago and cities across the Midwest reported near-record high temperatures of 106°F (41°C).1 During a period of five days, over 700 deaths occurred.1  The majority of these casualties are thought to have been caused by extreme heat exposure.1 Individuals suffer from heat-related illness when their bodies cannot properly regulate body temperature and compensate in the presence of extreme heat.2  Exposure to extreme heat can be caused by the weather, but it can also be generated through internal factors such as overexertion in the workplace or during athletic activities.

You can contribute to "a nation of resilient communities" by educating yourself and others on disaster health topics related to extreme heat. NCDMPH has gathered resources for health professionals for all extreme heat-related events. By providing these resources, the Center aims to foster resilience through learning. The organization of this content is intended to facilitate self-directed learning as well as provide materials for educators.

References

1. Falter, K., Flanders, D., Howe, H., Rubin, C., Selanikio, J., Semenza, J., Wilhelm, J. (1996). Heat-Related Deaths During The July 1995 Heat Wave in Chicago. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199607113350203

2. Diseases and Conditions: Heat Exhaustion. Mayo Clinic Website. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heat-exhaustion/basics/causes/con-20033366 Accessed June 6, 2016.

 

Heat Emergency Resources

Background

-- Background --

Ready.gov: Extreme Heat

Environmental Protection Agency: Extreme Heat Guidebook

Environmental Protection Agency: Extreme Heat

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: Heat Safety

Environmental Protection Agency: Heat related deaths from 1979 to 2013

Falter, K., Flanders, D., Howe, H., Rubin, C., Selanikio, J., Semenza, J., Wilhelm, J. (1996). Heat-Related Deaths During The July 1995 Heat Wave in Chicago. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199607113350203

Ramlow JM, Kuller LH. Effects of the summer heat wave of 1988 on daily mortality in Allegheny County, PA. Public Health Reports. 1990;105(3):283-289.

Lyon B, Randall D. A Diagnostic Comparison of the 1980 and 1988 U.S. Summer Heat Wave-Droughts. Journal of Climate. 1994; 8(1): 1658-1975. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1658:ADCOTA>2.0.CO;2

Health Impacts

Heat Treatment & Prevention

-- Heat Treatment & Prevention --

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Heat-Related Illness Prevention

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Heat-Related Illness (HRI) Prevention: Recognizing, Prevention, and Treating Heat-Related Illness

Medscape: Heat Stroke Treatment

Smith, J., & Wallis, L. (2005). Cooling methods used in the treatment of exertional heat illness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(8), 503-507. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.013466

Mayo Clinic: Heat Exhaustion Treatment

Healthcare Workforce Preparedness

Community Health

-- Community Health --

Technical Resources, Assistance Center, Information Exchange: Heat Response Plan

The National Integrated Heat Health Information System: Heat Health Information

Environmental Protection Agency: Heat Island Effect

Safety for specific groups:

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Heat and the Elderly

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Infants and Children

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Individuals with chronic medication conditions

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Individuals with low income

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Outdoor workers

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Athletes

-Uniformed Services University, Consortium for Health and Military Performance (CHAMP): Military