The spirit for continued investigation of the potential for life on Mars is now revived in part by the early eye-opening results from NASA Opportunity and Spirit Mars rover missions. The tell-tale clues that Meridiani Planum (1, 2) was water soaked at one time have opened the floodgates of discussion in how best to study Mars in ever-greater detail, as well as sharpen our search for past and even present life [Richmond et al., 1999]. That provocation has been supported in the past by the persistent logic of life allowable signatures from the Viking Lander experiments, by the growing awareness of how remarkably adaptable life is on Earth to a variety of extreme environments that feasibly mimic past and/or present habitats available at various locations throughout our solar system, and by the growing acceptance of the multifactorial merger of knowledge regarding the creation and evolution of the Inner Planets. Some of the more provocative factors regarding the latter are: knowledge of early emergence of life on Earth, even during its late stages of accretion up to 4 billion years ago; probable similarities of both Earth and Mars habitats during early geologic times up to 3 billion years ago or less; accumulating evidence supporting cross fertilization of planetary material between Mars and Earth as was initially proposed in the panspermia hypothesis; a growing evidence and acceptance of subsurface aqueous reservoirs on Mars; recent firm estimates of large water ice reservoirs in both polar ice caps on Mars; and recent evidence for young (within approximately the last 300,000 years) substantial martian volcanism that supports a high probability for continuing volcanism.
The mission of the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences is to educate, train, and comprehensively prepare uniformed services health professionals, scientists, and leaders to support the Military and Public Health Systems, the National Security and National Defense Strategies of the United States, and the readiness of our Uniformed Services.
Since our first graduating class in 1980, the USU's MDs. Nurses and graduates in biomedical sciences provide exceptional service through service in the U.S. Military and civilian careers of distinction. Today, America's Medical School has 691 enrolled students and 5,043 graduates. Over 1,300 graduates in Biomedical Sciences lead aggressive research in medical research. Today's 663 graduates of the School of Nursing blend science, research and field training in advanced practice and PhD degrees. The USU's Postgraduate Dental College provides advanced degree's to the military's dental community, graduating 72 students since establishment.
Research At USU
The University's research program covers a range of clinical and other topics important to both the military and public health. Infectious diseases, trauma medicine, health maintenance, and cancer are areas of particular strength. Researchers are also making important new efforts in state-of-the-art fields that cut across disciplines, such as genomics, proteomics, and drug-delivery mechanisms.
USU is home to many different Centers and Institutes, which help advance the university's research, education and public service missions. Faculty members and students collaborate with other leading experts at USU's Centers and Institutes on projects that push incredible boundaries across manifold disciplines of biomedical science. Their work is shaping military medicine and world health in many positive, powerful ways.
Military At USU
The USU's military unique curriculum is supported by military professions from all services who teach USU's military and civilian students. All military personnel are supported by the USU Brigade, the Brigade staff are managed by the Military Personnel Office.
AFRRI At USU
AFRRI mission is to preserve the health and performance of U.S. military personnel and to protect humankind through research that advances understanding of the effects of ionizing radiation.
To these ends, the institute collaboratively researches the biological effects of ionizing radiation and provides medical training and emergency response to manage incidents related to radiation exposure.