USU LEAD Conceptual Framework

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Conceptual Framework

USU LEAD curriculum and research projects are based on the FourCe-PITO Leadership Framework. The FourCe aspect of the LEAD framework was developed by Dr. Charles Callahan, Colonel (Ret), US Army and Dr. Neil E. Grunberg in 2014, which describes four domains of leadership:  Character, Competence, Context, Communication. The PITO aspect of the LEAD framework (Personal, Interpersonal, Team, and Organizational) was developed by the USAF Academy PITO Model to address four levels of interaction. The FourCe-PITO Framework is illustrated below.

FourCe-PITO Framework

The FourCe-PITO Framework is used to determine:  the USU LEAD curriculum; when to deliver curriculum content; how to assess leadership development; and research needs. The USU LEAD program is delivered to students, faculty, and staff in interactive plenary sessions, small group exercises, group discussions, and applied field exercises.  Topics address the four leadership domains (FourCe) at each level of interaction (PITO).  Examples are: Personality; Emotional Intelligence; Effective Communication; Difficult Conversations; Team Building; Leadership Assessment; Context, Organization, and Leadership.