Vincent F Capaldi


Colonel, Army

Department of Primary Appointment:
School of Medicine
Professor and Chair, Department of Psychiatry
Location: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD
Research Interests:
AI/Machine Learning
Office Phone


Fellowship, Sleep Medicine 2014-2015
National Capital Consortium, Bethesda, MD

Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine and Psychiatry 2007-2012
National Capital Consortium, Bethesda, MD

Doctor of Medicine (MD) 2003-2007
Brown University, Providence, RI

Masters of Science (ScM) in Psychology 2002-2003
Brown University, Providence, RI

Bachelor of Science (ScB) in Psychology 1999-2002
Brown University, Providence, RI


COL Vincent F. Capaldi, II, MC, USA, is Professor and Chair of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD and Senior Medical Scientist, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience, at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Silver Spring, MD. He is a professor in the departments of Internal Medicine and Psychiatry at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD. Dr. Capaldi is also the program director of the National Capital Consortium combined Internal Medicine and Psychiatry residency training program. COL Capaldi completed dual residency training in Internal Medicine and Psychiatry and fellowship in Sleep Medicine at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. COL Capaldi holds board certifications from the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and the American Board of Internal Medicine to practice General Psychiatry, Internal Medicine, and Sleep Medicine. COL Capaldi is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and Fellow of the American College of Physicians and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. He is a past president of the Society of Uniformed Services Psychiatrists – the Military District Branch of the American Psychiatric Association.

An alumnus of Brown University, Providence, RI, Dr. Capaldi received the following degrees from Brown: ScB in Psychology (2002), Masters in Research Psychology (2003), and MD (2007). Commissioning into the Medical Corps through the Health Professionals Scholarship Program (HPSP), Dr. Capaldi completed his dual residency training in Internal Medicine and Psychiatry in 2012 and sleep medicine fellowship in 2015. In January 2013, COL Capaldi was appointed as officer in charge (OIC) of the Restoration Program at Bagram Air Field, Afghanistan. As OIC, COL Capaldi was responsible for the comprehensive behavioral health restoration program, all clinical operations, and prevention activities for over 45,000 NATO troops stationed across Afghanistan. In January 2019, COL Capaldi deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Inherent Resolve, serving as the Theater Behavioral Health Consultant, the senior behavioral health provider supporting service members in Kuwait, Iraq, Syria, and Jordan. COL Capaldi is credited with establishing the behavioral health hotline in the CENTCOM region.

COL Capaldi has published over 150 peer reviewed scientific articles, abstracts, presentations, and book chapters on various topics such as sleep disorders, traumatic brain injury, and post stroke depression that have appeared in several medical journals. He serves as the Fatigue Management Capabilities Area Manager for the Military Operational Research Program, Medical Research and Development Command. He also serves as the Sleep Medicine Consultant to the US Army Surgeon General. In 2019 COL Capaldi was awarded the AMEDD "A Proficiency Designator, awarded to the top 10% of military physicians and was selected as the 2019 Surgeon General Physician Recognition winner, awarded to the top military physician by rank. His other military awards include the Order of Military Medical Merit, Meritorious Service Medal (1OLC), Joint Service Commendation Medal (1 OLC), Army Commendation Medal (1OLC), Army Achievement Medal (1OLC), Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal, Afghanistan Campaign Medal, and International Security Force Operation NATO Medal.

COL Capaldi is supported by his wife Melinda, a US Army Reserve Officer and clinical psychologist, and two daughters, Gia (13) and Eva (9).

Career Highlights: Positions, Projects, Deployements, Awards and Additional Publications

Director, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience 2019-2021 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD

Theater Behavioral Health Consultant (CENTCOM) 2019 528th Hospital Center , Baghdad, Iraq (OIR)

Deputy Center Director, Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience 2017-2019 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD

Director, Behavioral Biology Branch 2015-2017 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD

Deputy Director, Behavioral Biology Branch 2013-2015 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD

Officer In Charge, Warrior Restoration Center 2013 85th Combat Operational Stress Control Center, Bagram, Afghanistan (OEF)

Senior Medical Scientist 2021-present Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD

Program Director 2015-present Combined Internal Medicine and Psychiatry Residency Program National Capital Consortium, Bethesda, MD

Consultant for Sleep Medicine 2019-present Office of the US Army Surgeon General Falls Church, VA

Senior Scientist 2021-present Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD

Representative Bibliography

McQuaid, J., Buelt, A., Capaldi, V., Fuller,M., Issa, F., Lang, A.E., Hoge, C., Oslin, D., Sall, J., Wiechers, I, Williams, S. The Management of Major Depressive Disorder: Synopsis of the 2022 US Department of Veterans Affairs and US Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2022. 175 (10) 1440-1451.

Naifeh, J., Capaldi, V., Chu, C., King, A., Koh, K., Marx, B., Montgomery, A., O’Brien, R., Sampson, N., Stanley, I, Tsai, J., Vogt, D., Ursano, R., Stein, M., Kessler, R.. Prospective Associations of Military Discharge Characterization with Post-active Duty Suicide Attempts and Homelessness: Results from the Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers—Longitudinal Study (STARRS-LS). Military Medicine. (2022) Epublication ahead of print.

Teyhen, D., Capaldi, V., Drummond, S., Rhon, D., Barrett, A., Silvernail, J., Boland, D. How sleep can help maximize human potential: The role of leaders. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2021. Oct;24(10):988-994. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.08.012. Epub 2021 Aug 17. PMID: 34481741.

Good, C., Brager, A., Capaldi, V., Mysliwiec, V. Sleep in the United States Military. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020. 45 (1), 176-191.

Capaldi, V., Balkin, T. Mysliwiec, V. Optimizing Sleep in the Military: Challenges and Opportunities. Chest. 2019. 155 (1) 215-226.

Killgore, W., Balkin, T., Yarnell, A., Capaldi, V. Sleep Deprivation Impairs Recognition of Specific Emotions. Neurobiology Sleep Circadian Rhythms. 2017. 21 (3) 10-16.

Mysliwiec,V., Capaldi, V., Gill, J., Baxter,T., O’Reilly,B., Matsangas, P., Roth, B. Adherence to Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in U.S. Military Personnel with Sleep Apnea Improves Sleepiness, Sleep Quality and Depressive Symptoms. Military Medicine. 2015, 180 (4), 475-482.

Durning, S.J., Capaldi, V., Artino, A., Graner, J., Van Der Vleuten, C., Beckman, T., Costanzo, M., Holmboe, E. & Schuwirth, L. 2014. A Pilot Study Exploring the relationship between internists’ self-reported sleepiness, performance on multiple-choice exam items, and prefrontal cortex activity. Medical Teacher. 2014 (36), 1-7.

Capaldi, V., Guerrero, M., & Killgore, W. 2011. Sleep Disruption Among Returning Combat Veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan. Military Medicine. 2011 (8), 879-888.

Capaldi, V., Handwerger, K., Richardson, E., & Stroud, L. Associations Between Sleep and Cortisol Responses to Stress in Children and Adolescents: A Pilot Study. Behavioral Sleep Medicine 2005 3 (4), 177-192.