A History of the Army Nurse Corps


Name: Mary Sarnecky

Rank: COL, USA

Organization: Henry M. Jackson Foundation

Performance Site: Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC

Year Published: 1993

Abstract Status: Completed


The overall objective of this research study is to produce an accurate, up-to-date, scholarly history of the Army Nurse Corps (ANC) suitable for publication. The specific aims are to describe the major stages of development, to discuss the context which has surrounded the ANC, to identify the influencing factors that have affected the ANC stature and reputation within the gestalt of nursing, to discover the impact exerted by the ANC upon the nursing profession and to provide information about lessons learned from past successes and failures. Other aims seek to characterize the experience of the typical ANC officer in each of the eras included in the study, to illustrate the internal and environmental psychosocial forces which have impacted upon ANC officers in combat, to scrutinize the changes in technology over the years to determine their effect on the basic skills needed by nurses to go to war, and to plot numbers of injuries and illnesses generated by battlefields of the past with a view to projecting future scenarios, expected care needs, and the illness/injury ratio in tomorrow's mobilization. The design of the study will follow the historical method. The identified problem which drives the study is the dearth of readily available and clearly understandable historical information about the origins and development of the ANC. The theoretical framework utilized will be Bucher's natural history model. Study questions have been developed and will be amended and augmented as the study unfolds. Data relating to the history of the ANC will be collected from sites across the country. It will be assessed for validity and reliability and entered into a database. All data will be organized, integrated, and analyzed. The research report then will be written and published as a volume in the Textbook of Military Medicine series by the Government Printing Office. Finally, the increased understanding of past trends, issues, and events in the history of the ANC will be applied to present and future directions. Additionally, consumers of the research will gain an enhanced sense of cohesion, integrity, pride and inspiration.


Final Report available on NTRL: https://ntrl.ntis.gov/NTRL/dashboard/searchResults/titleDetail/PB2010106...