Effects of a Model-Based Intervention on Breastfeeding


Name: Sarah Wrenn

Rank: Lt Col, USAF

Organization: The University of of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Performance Site: Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio, TX

Year Published: 1996

Abstract Status: Final


Early breastfeeding attrition is a nationwide nutritional problem in infancy. Although research has clearly shown that breast milk is superior in content over cow's milk substitutes, the breastfeeding attrition rate in this country remains high. The primary aim of this study is to determine if a model-based intervention developed from the Theory of Planned Behavior will be effective in decreasing breastfeeding attrition. The long term goals of the study are to address the following questions regarding the attrition of breastfeeding:

  1. Is a model-based intervention effective in decreasing the rate of breastfeeding attrition?
  2. Does support from a health professional facilitate and encourage exclusive or almost exclusive breastfeeding?
  3. Will a model-based intervention influence a mother's perception of the social support she receives from her significant others?
  4. Will a model-based intervention influence a mother's perceived infant satisfaction, maternal satisfaction, and maternal confidence?

Design: A quasi-experimental design will be used. A total of 132 subjects will be needed for this study. The subjects will be recruited from a USAF Medical Center. Subjects who are at high risk of weaning will be assigned to an intervention group (receiving a postpartum visit, a home visit, and a follow-phone call) or to a control group. Both groups will complete the Breastfeeding Attrition Assessment, H & H Lactation Scales, and Hughes Breastfeeding Support Scale.


Final report is available on NTRL: https://ntrl.ntis.gov/NTRL/dashboard/searchResults/titleDetail/ADA329165...